Native Americans, Africans, and Indentured Servants
Puritans came to new land to escape religious persecution and free themselves from the English Monarchy. They brought religious intolerance with them and after they arrived conflict arrose. Slavery and warfare followed throughout the next century.

Black Slavery
  • It was cheaper to have African Slaves. They could afford 20 black slaves for 1 white slave.
  • The Puritans justified black slavery by claiming that they were bringing them with them to help them escape the darkness. They believed themselves to be holy people.
  • Slaves worked side by side there masters and did whatever thier masters did. The slaves in the north had to be more versatile than the slaves in the south because they tended to a larger variety of crops.

Why did tensions arise between Puritan and the Native Americans?
  • When the Puritans arived in New England they were disease riden. The locals were unaffected by thier plague and they wondered why the Natives were superior.
  • The Puritans also wondered where the natives originated from. After the Algonquian greeted them they "reached a peculiar conclusion that he avorinines must be one of the lost tribes of Israel". They sought for a way to link the natives to the Bible, in which they believed everything revolved around.
  • Puritans also assumed that the Indians had been corrupted and they were the Devil's helpers turned against them.
  • The Algonquian believed that their own gods and spituitual leaders were negatively effected by the liquor, sugar products and empidemics brought by the Europeans.
  • In addition to being affected spiritually, the Puritans were carving more and more of their land for themselves, and the Native Americans quickly felt threatened by the encroachment.

Religious Differences
  • The Puritans were forcing thier Christian religion on the Natives, they saw no use for it, and they thought that it threatened thier practices.
  • Both Native Americans and Puritans saw the eachother as devilish and being in contact with the devil.
  • Puritan leaders had trouble keeping followers especially with Quakers and other religious groups. So to keep followers they had to blame someone as being devilish to keep credibility amoung thier followers.
  • Nature was part of the Indians and the Puritans took over thier sacred land.

Rebellion and Conflict
  • Massacre of 1622- Colonists took over Indian ground, and the Indians rebelled by killing 347 english settlers.
  • Pequot War of 1673- A trader, John Oldham gets killed by Pequot. This lead to mass killing by Purtitans in the name of thier Cristian God. Before the battle on June 5, 1637 colonists had waged war on Pequot. On June 5, the colonists formed a militia and viciouly attacked the Pequot village of Stonington, slaughtering most of the citizens. The rest were forced into slavery, men were sent to the West Indies and women were personal slaves to the white colonists.
  • King Phillip's War of 1671-75- Narragansett and Mohegan tribes fight eachother and the English for several years. The English wanted to expand thier land into the Conneticut Valley. When the Indians opposed the English wanted it to be resolved peacefully with money, but the Indians decided to settle it with battle.

  • Native Americans and Blacks were indentured servants in the South and the West Indies harvesting labor intensive tobacco.
  • African Americans were brought over with the Puritans in an attempt to spiritually fix them, and to use thier labor.
  • Native Americans were forced into slavery by the immagrants from Europe and France.

Impact on American History

  1. America Pathways to the Present. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2003. Print.
  2. Daily Life in Colonial New England. 1st ed. Westport CT: Green Wood, 2002. Print.
  3. Gods of War, God of Peace. 1st ed. Orlando Florida: Harcourt, 2002. Print.
  4. Indians Of The Northeast. Vol. 8. New York: International Book Marketing, 1991. Print. The First Americans.
  5. Native Americans and The Reservation in American History. Springfield: Enslow, 1996. Print.
  6. Native Americans of the Northeast. San Diego: Lucent, 2000. Print. Indigenous Peoples of North America.
  7. The Origins of American Slavery. 1st ed. New York: Hill and Wang, 1997. Print.
  8. Voices Education Project. Web. 2 Mar. 2010. <>.